What is Texas Hold’em ?
Texas Hold’em is a type of poker. each individual receives two hand cards from the dealer and competes to win by completing the hold’em genealogy using the remaining five common cards (also called community cards, boards). Hold’em is a card game that enjoys so much public attention and popularity that large-scale offline tournaments are held around the world. Unlike the method of competing with other users for poker pedigree with the 7 poker cards provided, the game is played with 5 common cards open, so it is a great game that provides fun and interest to the game users and the audience watching the game.
How To Play Texas Hold’em
A Texas Hold’em betting round begins when both cards have been dealt. Then, three board cards are revealed simultaneously and betting takes place once again. The next two board cards are dealt one at a time, and betting takes place again when the identity of each card is revealed. Texas Hold’em is a fun mind sport with a total of 4 betting rounds and a strategy for each round.
Board cards are also called community cards, and you can use any combination of five cards from the board and personal cards. Players can use all board cards and personal cards to create a family tree and compete against their opponents.
In Hold’em, the dealer button is used to determine the positions (positions) that determine the betting order.
Hold’em usually uses two blinds (Big/Small blind), but there are various basic stakes such as one blind, multiple blinds, ante, or a combination of blinds and ante.
Each player checks his or her two hand cards on the table and places them face down.
Starting with the player to the left of the big blind, each player can call, raise, or fold the big blind.
The blinds have the option to raise if there is no bet.
The dealer opens three community cards (shared cards). The first three cards are called the flop, and all community cards are collectively called the board.
Each player can check or bet, starting with the player and continuing to the left of the dealer button.
Once a bet is placed, each player can raise, call, or fold.
Open a fourth card in addition to the community card. This fourth card is called the turn card.
It follows the same format as the flop bet, but the bet size is generally increased compared to the flop.
A fifth and final card is added to the community card. This fifth card is called the river card.
It has the same format as flop and turn betting.
When the best 5 card combinations of hand cards and community cards are used, the remaining players open their cards and do a showdown.
The hand with the highest five cards wins the pot’s prize money.
(If there is a draw, the prize money accumulated in the pot will be shared.)
What’s fun about Texas Hold’em is the betting round format in which community cards (common cards, boards) are revealed after the Pre-Flop betting, and then the order of opening one card at a time is repeated twice. Only users who have endured all of these betting rounds and are playing the game until the end will have a showdown on the river to open the hold’em pedigree, and competing for pedigree in the final match is the fun part for the users playing the game and the spectators watching.
Texas Hold’em Genealogy
The numbers are stronger in the following order: A > K > Q > J > 10 > 9 > 8 > 7 > 6 > 5 > 4 > 3 > 2, and unlike Seven Poker, Texas Hold’em does not compare the patterns on the cards in the match. The genealogy ranking is strong in that order: Royal Straight Flush, Straight Flush, and Four of a Kind, which all have the highest probability of winning.
Royal Straight Flush
They are all family trees with the same patterns of A, K, Q, J, and T.
It is the strongest genealogy in Texas Hold’em and the probability of making it is only 0.000153907%.
It is a special genealogy that can only be made a few times even if you play Hold’em all your life.
It is a family tree that makes both straight and flush at the same time with the same pattern.
For example, if 34567 is all spades, it becomes a 7 to 3 straight flush.
Like the Royal Straight Flush, the probability of making this is very low. About 0.001385169%
Four of a kind
It is a genealogy that requires collecting all four of the same number.
They are also called Quads.
While Four of a Kind requires collecting all four cards of the same number, Full House requires collecting three and two cards of different numbers.
For example, if my hand card is 67 and there are 667KQ on the board, I have a 6,7 full house.
If another person has a KK hand on the same board, that person has a K,6 full house, which is higher than a 6,7 full house.
This is a genealogy that is completed when you collect 5 cards of the same shape.
If both players complete the same flush, the person who completes the flush with the higher number wins.
For example, if there are three diamonds on the board, if my cards are A◆ and 3◆ and my opponent’s cards are K◆ and 9◆, I have an A flush and my opponent has a K flush, and I win.
Unlike Seven Poker, in Hold’em, flushes of different shapes cannot appear at the same time, so there is no high or low shape.
This is a genealogy that is completed when five consecutive numbers are collected.
If I have a hand of 56 and the board is 789QA, I have a 9 straight.
If you have JT, it becomes a straight of 789TJ, so you can get a higher genealogy on that board than a 9 straight.
This is a genealogy that is completed when three of the same cards are collected.
It is divided into sets and trips. If I have a hand parquet (two hands with the same number), it is three.
If there are two identical numbers on the board and you have that number, it is called a trip.
As it is said, it is a two-pair genealogy with two pairs.
This is a genealogy where you have to make two pairs of the same number.
If my hand is A6 on the A67 board, there are two number pairs such as A and 6, so it becomes a two pair pedigree.
If there is a K7 two pair and A3 two pair, A3 with the highest pair wins.
It is a genealogy with one pair.
It is a simple genealogy that only requires one pair of identical numbers.
If my hand does not complete any genealogy, it becomes a high card.
If your hand and board do not form a flush or straight, and there are no pairs of numbers that are the same, it becomes a high card.
In the case of the same high card, A high is judged higher than K high, like other genealogies.
|genealogical ranking||Texas Hold’em Genealogy Name||Cards for creating a genealogy||percentage|
|1||Royal Straight Flush||Consecutive numbers 10, J, Q, K, A in the same pattern||0.0032%|
|2||Straight Flush||In case of consecutive numbers with the same pattern||0.029%|
|3||Four of a kind||If there are 4 identical numbers||0.16%|
|4||Full House||3 cards with the same number + 2 cards with the same number||2.63%|
|5||Flush||When all 5 cards have the same suit||3.03%|
|Mountain||5 consecutive cards of 10, J, Q, K, A|
|Back Straight||5 cards in a row A, 2, 3, 4, 5|
|6||Straight||When all 5 cards are in a row||4.55%|
|7||Triple||When 3 number cards are the same||4.8%|
|8||Two Pair||When there are two pairs of cards with the same number||23.5%|
|9||One Pair||When there are 2 cards with the same number||43.8%|
|10||No Pair , High Card||If it does not correspond to one pair or more genealogy and simply has the highest number||–|
How to Calculate Texas Hold’em Odds
How to calculate draw (4-flush, gunshot, 4-Straight) probability
I will tell you a simple way to calculate the win rate for the cards I currently have. On the flop, you can do Outs * 4, and on the turn, you can do Outs * 2 + 2, where Outs means the number of cards you need to play on the turn or river. For example, if a flush is completed when one more diamond comes out, the remaining 9 cards excluding the currently 4 diamonds become my outs. Therefore, if you calculate according to the formula, 9 * 4 = approximately 36%.
As another example, in the case of an open-ended straight draw, the number of outs is 8, and calculating accordingly, 8 * 2 + 2 = about 18%.
How to Calculate Pot Odds
If my opponent goes all-in when I have a flush draw or a straight draw, how long should I call?
The answer depends on the pot, the opponent’s all-in amount, and your current odds of winning.
What are pot odds?
A term that refers to the ratio of the size of the pot and the size of the bet made by the opponent. If your opponent bets 100 in a pot of 100, the pot odds are 2:1. To explain it in an easy-to-understand way, it means that I need to call 100 to get the currently accumulated pot of 200.
Sit-up / seat position
Position refers to the position where you play. Rather than moving in the order in which you sit at the table, your position is determined relative to where the dealer button starts.
Blinds (small blind, big blind)
SB/BB is a place where there is mandatory betting. For example, if the blind amount is 10, SB pays 5 and BB pays 10.
When SB/BB pays the blind amount, the dealer deals a total of 2 cards, 1 card each starting from SB (pre-flop begins).
Under the Gun (UTG)
If you have received all the cards (pre-flop), you start betting from under the gun. This is a disadvantageous position compared to other positions because you have to act first before the flop. (Because I couldn’t figure out in advance what actions other players would take)
Middle position (MP)
Under the Gun Check the action of Under the Gun in the next position and then take action.
Low-jack & Hijack & Cutoff
Middle position is the next betting position, and action is taken after checking the action of the under the gun and middle position. (Action becomes more active)
As the last person to take action, this is the most advantageous position as you can watch the actions of all players in the previous position and then take the next action. I think a position closer to the button is basically advantageous. If you take action up to the button (because you can see the actions of other players and take your own actions), you can take action again on the bet starting from the small blind. After all the actions are completed in the same order, the flop is revealed.
Action (action you can take when it’s your turn)
Call: means accepting that the player in front has raised the stake. Once all players have called on one bet/raise, the betting round moves on to the next round.
Raise: Accepting that the previous player has raised the stake and also betting more. Limit Hold’em allows up to 2 to 3 bets per bet, and there is also a No Limit rule that eliminates the raise limit.
Fold: To give up the game. You lose the amount you bet until you give up. In Korea, it is said that during the import process, the name was changed to ‘Die’, meaning ‘die’, but many places still use fold.
All in: Betting all the chips you currently have on the table.
Check: A signal to pass the turn without adding to the stake. The cards are rotated and can only be played by the first person to bet. However, if another person later raises the stake without accepting the check, the person who checked must also choose to call/raise or fold the hand.
Texas Hold’em Hand Rankings
In Texas Hold’em, it is recommended to participate in the flop with high probability cards or cards with a high win rate to create a good pedigree. And the winning rate of the card varies depending on the position, and the statistics obtained by the poker strategy software solver are called starting hand rankings. You can check the preflop hand rankings by clicking here, and on this page we will recommend starting hands according to position.
|Ranking||Recommended Hand Card||Position used|
|1||AA , KK , QQ , JJ , AKs||all positions|
|2||TT, AQs, AJs, KQs, AKo||all positions|
|3||99, ATs, KJs, QJs, JTs, AQo||all positions|
|4||88, 77, KTs, QTs, J9s, T9s, 98s, AJo, KQo||all positions|
|5||66, 55, A9s~A2s, Q9s, T8s, 97s, 87s, 76s, KJo, QJo, JTo||all positions|
|6||44, 33, 22, K9s, J8s, 86s, 75s, 54s, ATo, KTo, QTo||Middle to late position|
|7||K8s~K2s, Q8s, T7s, 64s, 53s, 43s, J9o, T9o, 98o||late position|
|8||J7s, 96s, 85s, 74s, 42s, 32s, A9o, K9o, Q9o, J8o, T8o, 87o, 76o, 65o, 54o||late position|
Texas Hold’em Strategy
Texas Hold’em is a mind sport, and there are many strategies to increase your odds of winning and tips to help you always make the best choice. Here are some tips for you.
Don’t play too many cards
The most common mistake beginners make is playing too many cards. Fold bad cards to lower your chances of losing, and always consider what cards your opponent may have. Playing only cards with a high win rate is the first step to victory.
Check out our community cards
No matter how high a card you have, in order to get the chips in the pot, you need to create a high pedigree by harmonizing with the community cards.
Don’t be too pretentious
It is very difficult to make your opponent fold by bluffing. You should consider both your actions before bluffing and the actions of your opponent, and only do it when you are sure you will not be caught.
Consider your position
Position plays a very important role in Texas Hold’em. The most advantageous position is the button (BTN) position where you take action and bet last. If you are in a position where you need to act before your opponent with a card that isn’t very good, consider folding.
think about the odds
Considering the number of community cards that will be released in the future and the probability of the remaining cards that will complete the genealogy, playing while thinking about how much your card has a chance of winning will have great meaning in your future actions.
Raise with confidence
If you think your cards are stronger than your opponent’s, it is a good idea to confidently raise and increase the pot. Even if the opponent folds, it is a meaningful victory because we defended against showing cards and eliminated the opponent’s possibility of a reversal.
Take the risks
If you are playing tournament hold’em and the odds are good, it is a good idea to take risks and participate in the pot, even if the odds are small.
Read the other person
By reading which cards your opponent bets with and under what circumstances they fold, you can manipulate them to your advantage.
Understanding Texas Hold’em player tendencies and strategies
Do you know the saying from Sun Tzu’s The Art of War that if you know your enemy and know yourself, you will win 100 out of 100 battles (if you lose, you will win 100 battles)? Any game becomes easier to play if you understand your opponent’s tendencies. Likewise, in Texas Hold’em, there are four main playing tendencies and strategies for each playing tendency.
Tight: Low flop participation because only good cards are played.
Rouge: Style that plays a lot of cards
Aggressive: Playing aggressively
Passive: Plays defensively
Tight aggressive player strategy
If a tight aggressive opponent participates in a pre-flop situation where a large bet, 3-BET, or 4-BET is made compared to BB, you should check whether there is a combination that can come out as a good hand card (premium handicap) in the board situation. If there are many open cards on the board such as A, K, Q, J, 10, it is important to check or make a small bet to control the pot before playing after watching what the other player is betting. Because if a player with tight tendencies enters a pot like this, he is judged to have come in with those cards.
Normally, if you are in a tight position, you bet strongly, so if your handy hand is the nut, you can often win big by setting a trap and playing, and if your hand has no chance of improving significantly (if there is no draw), you have no choice but to give up the pot. It’s a good choice, and if you get a low-numbered community card in a pot like this, you can be happy about it. (Be careful because your opponent may have a premium parquet hand)
Tight passive player strategy
Players with this tendency are usually those who do not bet first. If such a player bets big pre-flop, you can think of him as having a premium park pair, but if the flop opens and the tight passive player does not bet, the strategy is to fold with a big bet or extract value until the turn and river.
Loose Aggressive Player Strategy
Players who usually go all-in (=going all-in in advance without looking at the hand) and eat when it pops are players with this tendency. Since you play aggressively with many cards, you can win in pre-flop situations when you have good cards. Because the style involves a lot of bluffing, the strategy is to check-raise, and it is a troublesome opponent when the flop is low on the board. One common misconception is that there are not always only bad cards, but many cards are used, so you must keep in mind that there may be good cards mixed in as well.
Rouge passive player strategy
This is a player who often participates in pots and wants to see the flop. Since I have the tendency to call the station (just call frequently), generally, if I have a strong hand, I bet strongly, and if I have a weak hand, I can check and this is not a scary opponent. (Unless the opponent is too lucky today) One thing to keep in mind. Bluffing does not work on players with this type of tendency, so it is best to be careful.
Hold’em variant game
Pot Limit Omaha
Pot Limit Omaha is a game similar to, but different from, Hold’em.
The basic way to play is similar, but it is played with 4 hand cards.
You must use 2 of the 4 hand cards you receive.
There are also some differences in betting. Hold’em is a no-limit game with no restrictions on betting, whereas Hold’em is a no-limit game with no restrictions on betting.
Omaha is a limit game where you can only bet up to the pot amount.
Short deck is a game in which 2 3 4 5 of cards 1 (A) to 13 (K) are removed.
So, a slight change in genealogy occurs and A6789 straight becomes possible.
A flush is a higher score than a full house.
The rest of the playing method is completely consistent with Hold’em.
The tournament is a survival-style game that can be played using any of the Hold’em, Omaha, and Short Deck rules.
Players all start with the same amount of chips.
The basic stake (blind) continues to increase until one final winner emerges.
If there are multiple tables, the number of tables decreases one by one and eventually merges into one table to determine the winner.
A tournament held at multiple tables like this is called MTT (Multi Table Tournament).
If the tournament is played at only one table, it is called Sit and Go.
The best way to improve your Texas Hold’em skills is to improve your skills through online Hold’em. Since online hold’em is played on PC or mobile, it has the advantage of being able to be played 24 hours a day and participating in various blind games.
Additionally, because the game progresses much faster than offline, you can play more games and gain more experience even in the same amount of time. When choosing one of the many hold’em sites on the market, the important things to consider are safety and service. If you choose a popular hold’em site that has a good reputation for scams and hacking and has good events and customer service, you will be able to enjoy a variety of experiences with more users.